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:: Volume 13, Issue 4 (7-2008) ::
3 2008, 13(4): 412-417 Back to browse issues page
Incidence, Severity and Risk Factors for Retinopathy of Prematurity in Premature Infants with Late Retinal Examination
Z Mousavi MD, R Karkhaneh MD, M Riazi-Esfahani MD , MR Mansouri MD, R Roohipoor MD, L Ghalichi MD, M Kadivar MD, H Nili-AhmadAbadi MD, F Naieri MD
Abstract:   (889 Views)

Purpose: To determine the incidence, severity and risk factors for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in premature infants with late retinal examination at Farabi Hospital from 2001 to 2006.

Methods: In a cross-sectional study, hospital records of premature infants who were examined later than 9 weeks after birth were reviewed for possible risk factors of ROP including gender, singleton or multiple gestations, gestational age (GA), birth weight (BW), oxygen therapy, blood transfusion, photo-therapy, and respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), as well as the age at initial examination.

Results: From 693 infants referred for ROP screening, 191 (27.6%) had late retinal examination at mean age of 144.8±158.4 (range 64-1460) days. Of these 191 infants, 75 (39.3%) had different stages of ROP, 58 (30.4%) had stage 4 or 5 disease and 27 (14.1%) had stage 5 ROP in both eyes which were untreatable. GA and BW were associated with development of ROP (P<0.001).

Conclusion: The high prevalence of premature infants with late retinal examination and high incidence of severe ROP necessitates prompt intervention to optimize referral and early screening of premature infants.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ophthalmology
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Mousavi Z, Karkhaneh R, Riazi-Esfahani M, Mansouri M, Roohipoor R, Ghalichi L, et al . Incidence, Severity and Risk Factors for Retinopathy of Prematurity in Premature Infants with Late Retinal Examination. 3. 2008; 13 (4) :412-417
URL: http://binajournal.org/article-1-444-en.html


Volume 13, Issue 4 (7-2008) Back to browse issues page
مجله چشم‌پزشکی بینا Bina Journal of Ophthalmology
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