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:: Volume 25, Issue 2 (Winter 2019) ::
3 2019, 25(2): 83-87 Back to browse issues page
Visual Acuity Before and After Occlusion Therapy in Children and Adolescents (Aged 5-13 years) Amblyopia
Abstract:   (522 Views)
Purpose: To evaluate the effect of occlusion therapy on visual acuity in children and adolescents (aged 5-13 years) with amblyopia.
Methods: This experimental study followed a pretest-posttest design. Totally, 72 people with amblyopic eyes (visual acuity between 20/100 and 20/25) were selected through convenient sampling. The visual acuity was assessed at 1, 3, and 6 months after starting occlusion therapy. The recognition of 2 lines on the Snellen chart was used as treatment success.
Results: In this study, 35 eyes with amblyopia were male (48.6%) and 37 were female (51.4%). The mean age (SD) was 7.77 (2) years and the success rates of treatment at 1, 3, 6 months after occlusion therapy was 61.1% (44 children), 95.8% (69 children), and 97.2% (70 children), respectively. Based on the findings of this study, there was no correlation between occlusion theory success and gender at different follow-up months. Also, there was no significant difference between the age groups of 5-9 and 10-13 years old in terms of the success of occlusion therapy.
Conclusion: Based on the findings of the present study, occlusion therapy in people aged 5-13 was successful. The success rate of treatment was similar in age groups of 5-9 and 10-13 years old. Therefore, it can be concluded that preschool children missing the opportunity for amblyopia treatment can still benefit from occlusion therapy in later years.
 
 
Keywords: Keywords: Amblyopia, Occlusion Therapy, Patching, Visual Acuity
Full-Text [PDF 332 kb]   (115 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ophthalmology
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Visual Acuity Before and After Occlusion Therapy in Children and Adolescents (Aged 5-13 years) Amblyopia. 3. 2019; 25 (2) :83-87
URL: http://binajournal.org/article-1-1062-en.html


Volume 25, Issue 2 (Winter 2019) Back to browse issues page
مجله چشم‌پزشکی بینا Bina Journal of Ophthalmology
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