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:: Volume 25, Issue 3 (Spring 2021) ::
3 2021, 25(3): 196-203 Back to browse issues page
Temporal Artery Biopsy for Giant Cell Arteritis: A Retrospective Review
Abstract:   (1050 Views)
Purpose: To investigate the efficacy of temporal artery biopsy (TAB) for the diagnosis of giant cell arteritis (GCA) and to evaluate the clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients.
Methods: In this retrospective study, the medical records of suspected GCA patients, who underwent TAB in a tertiary center in Iran between 2008 and 2017, were evaluated. The 2016 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria for early diagnosis of giant cell (temporal) arteritis were considered for each patient for inclusion in this study.
Results: A total of 114 patients were included in this study. The mean age was 65.54±10.17 years. The mean overall score based on the 2016 American College of Rheumatology criteria was 4.17±1.39, with 5.82±1.28 for positive biopsies and 3.88±1.19 for negative biopsies (P<0.001) and 17 patients (14.9%) were biopsy-positive. The mean length of the specimen in the biopsy-positive group (18.35 ± 6.9 mm) was higher than the biopsy-negative group (15.62 8 8.4 mm), but the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.21). There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in terms of sex, serum hemoglobin level, platelet count, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate. There was a statistically significant difference between biopsy-negative and biopsy-positive groups in terms of patients’ age and the level of C-reactive protein (P<001 and P=0.012, respectively).
Conclusion: According to a large number of negative TAB results, avoiding unnecessary biopsies could lower the workload and improve medical services. It is recommended that GCA be diagnosed based on clinical suspicion and laboratory results.
 
Keywords: Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy, Giant Cell Arteritis, Temporal Artery Biopsy
Full-Text [PDF 439 kb]   (440 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ophthalmology
ePublished: 2021/05/31
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Temporal Artery Biopsy for Giant Cell Arteritis: A Retrospective Review. 3 2021; 25 (3) :196-203
URL: http://binajournal.org/article-1-1086-en.html


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Volume 25, Issue 3 (Spring 2021) Back to browse issues page
مجله چشم‌پزشکی بینا Bina Journal of Ophthalmology
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