[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 19, Issue 1 (10-2013) ::
3 2013, 19(1): 31-35 Back to browse issues page
Etiology of Excessive Blinking in Children and Adolescents in Hamedan, Iran
N Bazazi MD, E Salari MD, M Mazdeh MD, S Torabian MD, R Ahmadi MD, S Akbarzadeh MD
Hamedan University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (5494 Views)

Purpose: To evaluate the etiologies of excessive blinking in children and teenagers less than 18 years of age in Hamedan, Iran.

Methods: This study was performed during 2009-2010 as a cross-sectional study on 50 children and teenagers less than 18 years old who were referred to Sheikh-al-Reis and Farshchian clinics in Hamedan for abnormal and excessive blinking. Ophthalmic and neurologic examinations were performed and recorded for each patient. Pediatric psychologist and pediatrician if seen necessary also examined the patients.

Results: Mean age of the patients was 10.5 years and mean duration of blinking was 3.8 weeks. Chief complaints included increased blinking rate in 45 cases, increased blinking force in 17 patients and both of them in 12 subjects. Blinking increased with light exposure in 11 patients. Signs and symptoms of eye diseases such as visual loss, pain, red eye, photophobia, strabismus and corneal involvement were present in 25 patients. Etiologies of excessive blinking were eye-related in 25 patients (50%), neurological in 21 cases (42%) and psychological in 4 patients (8%).

Conclusion: The most prevalent etiology of excessive blinking in this study was related to diseases; followed by psychological and neurologic causes. Therefore, we recommend eye examination in all of these patients. If necessary, psychological and neurological examinations were recommended as well.

Keywords: Excessive Blinking, Children, Adolescents, Eye Tic
Full-Text [PDF 199 kb]   (1412 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ophthalmology
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Bazazi N, Salari E, Mazdeh M, Torabian S, Ahmadi R, Akbarzadeh S. Etiology of Excessive Blinking in Children and Adolescents in Hamedan, Iran. 3. 2013; 19 (1) :31-35
URL: http://binajournal.org/article-1-141-en.html


Volume 19, Issue 1 (10-2013) Back to browse issues page
مجله چشم‌پزشکی بینا Bina Journal of Ophthalmology
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.03 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 4296