:: Volume 19, Issue 1 (10-2013) ::
3 2013, 19(1): 3-9 Back to browse issues page
Prophylactic Patterns for Post-cataract Surgery Endophthalmitis in Iran
Katibeh MD , H Ziaei MD, A Eskandari MD, HR Moein MD, M Mirzaei MD, M Kalantarion, MA Javadi
Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (2827 Views)

Purpose: To describe the prophylactic patterns for endophthalmitis after cataract surgery in Iran.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 486 ophthalmologists, members of Iranian Society of Ophthalmology, who participated in the 20th Annual Meeting of Ophthalmology in December 2010, Tehran-Iran, filled a self-administered questionnaire. A wide range of ophthalmologists, from all around the country, working in private and academic medical centers, entered the study. Pre-, intra- and postoperative prophylactic measures and self-reported rate of endophthalmitis were assessed.

Results: Preoperatively, 75.5% of surgeons used povidone-iodine in the conjunctival sac and only 28.6% of them used oral antibiotics. Intraoperative measures used by 61.9% of ophthalmologist included intracameral or subconjunctival injection of antibiotics. Only 7.8% used intracameral cephalosporins. Postoperative antibiotics [mostly chloramphenicol (57%) and ciprofloxacin (28%)] were used by 94.2% of the surgeons. Ten years of practice were required to observe one case of endophthalmitis.

Conclusions: Prophylaxis regimens vary among Iranian ophthalmologist, which need to be updated according to recent guidelines.

Keywords: Endophthalmitis, Prophylaxis, Cataract Surgery
Full-Text [PDF 227 kb]   (860 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ophthalmology


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Volume 19, Issue 1 (10-2013) Back to browse issues page